Chapter-18 (Shlok 11-15)
न हि देहभृता शक्यं त्यक्तुं कर्माण्यशेषतः । यस्तु कर्मफलत्यागी स त्यागीत्यभिधीयते ॥ १८-११॥
Since it is not possible for an embodied being to give up action in its entirety, who relinquishes the outcome of actions are said to be a tyagi.
अनिष्टमिष्टं मिश्रं च त्रिविधं कर्मणः फलम् । भवत्यत्यागिनां प्रेत्य न तु संन्यासिनां क्वचित् ॥ १८-१२॥
The three-fold consequence of actions—pleasant, unpleasant, and mixed—accrue even after death to those who are attached to action and its reward. But, for those who have lost interest in the rewards of their actions, there are no such consequences here or hereafter.
पञ्चैतानि महाबाहो कारणानि निबोध मे । साङ्ख्ये कृतान्ते प्रोक्तानि सिद्धये सर्वकर्मणाम् ॥ १८-१३॥
In stream of knowledge known as Samkhya, five methods have been prescribed for neutralising the impact of all actiona. Now listen from me about those factors that foreclose the causal chain of action.
अधिष्ठानं तथा कर्ता करणं च पृथग्विधम् । विविधाश्च पृथक्चेष्टा दैवं चैवात्र पञ्चमम् ॥ १८-१४॥
The body, the doer, the various senses, the many kinds of efforts, and Divine Providence—these are the five factors of action.
शरीरवाङ्मनोभिर्यत्कर्म प्रारभते नरः । न्याय्यं वा विपरीतं वा पञ्चैते तस्य हेतवः ॥ १८-१५॥
These five contribute towards whatever action is performed, whether proper or improper, with body, speech and mind.
(Shrimadbhagvadgita continues in Eighteenth Chapter)