Ishavasyopanishad

FeaturedIshavasyopanishad

 Ishavasyopanishad

  • The Brahma is infinite. It is wholly here at this point and it is wholly there at that point too. What emanates from it is complete whole unto itself. And when the complete is taken away from it, whatever remains it completely whole too.
  • God pervades in every animate and inanimate existence in the universe. The Seeker must nurture oneself in the space assigned to oneself and must not covet the wealth that is not rightfully his.
  • There are people who desire to live for hundred years engaged in action in this material world. There is no other salvation for such people who pride in their worldly life that they may not be affected by their ignoble actions.
  • There are others who violate Atman. After their death, they land in the kingdom of asura which is enveloped by the ignorance of Atman.
  • The Atman is one without a second, firmly established in one’s own nature but moving faster than mind at the same time. It is beyond the grasp of senses. It remains stationary yet surpasses all movements. Inspired by Him, the life force categorizes people on the basis of  actions arising out of their tendencies.
  • Atman is still but it in motion at the same time. It is near yet so far. It is within and around each existence.
  • The Seeker who sees everything in Atman and Atman in everything, cannot feel disgusted at anything owing to his holistic vision.
  • The seeker for whom every being is Atman, becomes free from grief and attachment.
  • The Atman is omnipresent, immaculate, metaphysical and pure. It is beyond sensory & bodily existence and exists without nerves. It cannot be impacted by physical harm or sin. It arises from itself, is omniscient, supreme and watches over all. It is He who has assigned responsibilities and rewards to all the gods on the basis of their abilities.

( Ishavasyopanishad  to continue)

 

 

THE ATMAN

FeaturedTHE ATMAN

The  Atman

In pursuit of Atman, with the desire to transcend this transient world, the seekers raise a question.

Q: One Atman is whom we all worship.The Other is in each life form who sees through the eyes, hears through ears, smells through nose and who analyses voices and acquires knowledge of what is tasteful and what is not.

Of these two Atman (Brahma and Soul), which is the one acclaimed by the scriptures?

A: What is heart is also called as mind. Consciousness, Perception, Discernment, Discrimination, Intellect, Vision, Determination, Contemplation, Prudence, Suffering, Memory, Resolve, Perseverance, Life Force, Desires and Attachments all are different aspects of Intelligence.

Soul, the source of Intelligence is Brahma itself. This is Indra and this is the Creator and this also pervades in the fundamental elements of earth, fire, air, water and space along with the light to be.

The whole perceivable world including worms with their source, birds, humans, insects  and all kind of flora and fauna and mountains are carried by senses( eye), exist in conscious Intelligence and dissolve therein itself.

This Conscious Intelligence is Brahma or Atman.

The sages, having realized this Truth transcended the world that is perceived by senses  and having all their desires fulfilled in that heaven, became immortal.

                                                  (Thus concludes Aitareya Upanishada from Rigveda)

After Creation of Guardian Angels

FeaturedAfter Creation of Guardian Angels

After Creation of Guardians

After inception of the worlds and their guardians, God thought of creating food for them.

Having resolved so He directed His Will to water and the water yielded a body of food.

The food tried to escape the guardians for whom it was created.

Then the Primordial Being tried to grasp it by sense of speech but failed to do so.

Had he been able to do so, he would have been satiated by merely uttering the word “food”.

Then  he (the primordial being) attempted to hold it through prana but failed to do so.

Had he been able to do so, he would have been satiated merely by absorption of food through prana.

Then he made effort to accept the food through sense of sight but failed to do so.

Had he been able to do so, he would have been satiated just by looking at food.

Then he tried to receive food through sense of hearing but failed to do so.

Had he been able to do that, he would have been satiated merely by hearing the word “food”.

He also tried to absorb food through the skin/dermis but failed to do so.

Had he been able to do that, he would have been satiated merely by touching the food.

Then he tried to imbibe it through mind but couldn’t do that.

Had he been able to do that, he would have been satiated merely by thinking of food.

Then he attempted to hold it through phallus but failed to do so.

Had he been able to do that, he would have been satiated merely by expelling it.

Ultimately he tried to accept the food riding on ‘apan’ by mouth  and succeeded.

The Apan energy controls ingestion of food and sustains life.

 

 

Then God wondered how would this Primordial being will survive without Him.

He thought about where to enter this Being from.

He contemplated that it would defeat the purpose if the Being speaks through tongue, enlivens through prana, sees with eyes, hears through ears, touches with skin, thinks through the mind, ingests through apana and expels through phallus without His intervention.

Considering these factors He felt that His entry into the being will not be through lower parts of the body.

Thus He decided to penetrate the body through the palate dome of head/mouth which controls eyes, throat and heart.

Having entered the body, God accepted the guardian elements as His own. He declared that there is nothing beside Him there. Thus He accepted the being as his own form.

Thus One who resides in all beings came to be known as Idandra. Mediated by sensory perceptions, the knowledgeable ones call Him as Indra. The angels can-not be perceived directly. They can be perceived through the senses only.

Creation settles down

FeaturedCreation settles down

Playful God and The Guardian Angels:

  • The guardians so created by desire of Atman landed in the great ocean of mortal material world.
  • Atman added thirst and hunger to the primordial body mass.
  • So the guardians who were product of this body mass felt thirsty and hungry
  • They beseeched their Creator to assign them some space where they could settle down and eat.

God fashioned the body of cow but the guardians said that it was not adequate for them.

Then  He designed the body of a horse but guardians rejected that too.

Finally a human body was devised and all of them appreciated it as a beautiful creation.

So the God asked them to go and occupy suitable spaces in the human body.

Following the command:

  • Fire entered the mouth as power of speech.
  • Air entered nostrils in the shape of prana (life force).
  • Sun entered the eyes as sense of sight.
  • Directions (space) entered ears in form of sense of hearing.
  • Medicines and plants established themselves as fine hair on skin.
  • Moon became mind and entered the heart.
  • Death entered naval as apan ( energy of decay).
  • Water entered the Phallus as seminal fluid.

After the guardians settled down, the thirst and hunger requested God for some place of their own.

They were told that they will share respective spaces assigned to the guardian gods.

So the offerings made to these gods are shared by the thirst and hunger assigned to them.

(Perhaps Atman is the still form while God is the active form of same power, possibly like potential and kinetic energy of same system – author’s comment)

(continued translation of Aitareya Upanishad)

 

May We Find the Way Together

FeaturedMay We Find the Way Together

om 1

Purpose of knowing Brahma

( ‘Bramha’, ‘Atman’ and ‘Self’ can be used interchangeably in this text. All denote the one and only Ultimate Reality.)

How and why should one know Brahma?

One who knows Atman does not grieve over different emotions and experiences that emerge, evolve and die as a result of the contact of senses with their objects.

These statements seem to convey that Atman is different from the senses. But it is not so. Atman is omnipresent.

Senses are subordinate to mind which is ruled by Intelligence. The intelligence is governed by Ego which serves the soul.

But the Atman, whose glimpse liberates mankind and grants immortality, is beyond soul. It pervades in whole existence but has no means of perception as there is nothing to perceive.

(Q) So something that does not perceive can-not be perceived?

(A) Atman cannot be perceived by senses. It cannot be seen by eyes. It can be glimpsed through mindful contemplation by self possessed intelligence that controls the mind. This knowledge liberates us from sufferings of mortality.

(Q) How can self possessed intelligence be developed?

(A) The absolute state of being is when the senses turn inward and become still along with the mind and when even the intelligence makes no attempt whatsoever.

This integrated state of being is called Yog. At that point the Yogi (one who attains such state) becomes centered, unaffected and quiet. Every  event rises and falls in this state of consciousness.

(A)Atman can not be grasped by speech, sight or mind. How can it be attained by people who affirm that It is?

(B) Atman can be attained through faith and knowledge. The knowledge is revealed to those who develop faith that It is.

One who perceives Atman gets released from all the desires of the heart and becomes emancipated from the mortality while still being in the physical body.

(Q) When do the desires get eliminated?

(A) Only this much is declared that when all the knots ameliorate or dissolve  in the heart while in this life, the mortal becomes immortal.

The thumbsize Atman is situated within the heart of all beings. It should be experienced by exercising discipline and patience, just as grass is peeled to reveal Culm.

Think of Atman as the purest nectar. Think of Atman as purest nectar.

Nachiketa, knowing all about Atman as elucidated by Yama, the god of Death, got established in Brahma and transcended dualities of  birth & death and Dharma & Adharma.

Anyone who conceives Brahma and understands the way to attain It would also achieve this status.

May the Lord protect and nurture both of us, the Teacher and the taught. May we together cultivate capability to achieve knowledge.  What we study should be light unto itself and not harbour malice.

Om Shanti, Shanti, Shanti

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(thus concludes Kathopanishad)

The Inverted Tree of Existence

FeaturedThe Inverted Tree of Existence

inverted Ashwath

  • From the visible, we can deduce its invisible cause.
  • From the study of fruit, we try to infer the nature of the roots of the tree that bore that fruit.
  • In the same way, tracing from our knowledge of material world that we perceive through our senses, we try to determine the nature of Brahma, the causal origin of existence.
  • The Eternal Pipal Tree with its roots in the heaven and branches in the material world is Brahma, the purest light and nectar for immortal life. All the dimensions are within its confines and nothing can transcend it.

(Question) The knowledge of Brahma delivers us free from the fear of death. Though it is the substratum of all apparent reality, it cannot be perceived through the senses, therefore it does not exist. It follows that the whole material world has been created out of nothing.

(Answer) It is not so. The entire material world emanates and exists within Bramha.    The universe obeys Brahma just as fearful people do before the mightiest weapon which is ready to strike. People who know this fact transcend the cycle of birth and death.

(Question) Moved by the fear of Almighty Brahma, how does the world conduct itself?

(Answer) Frightened by Brahma, sun and fire emanate heat, Indra sends rain & breeze and death follows set rules.

  • Attaining knowledge of Brahma before death makes one free from the fretters of mortality. If it does not so happen, one continues to acquire different bodies in the transient worlds.It is so because Brahma is pristinely reflected in human body just as a face is seen clearly in a mirror. This clarity of experience is well neigh impossible in any other world except in the kingdom of Brahma itself.

  • Uncontaminated human intelligence can perceive Brahma just like reflection in a mirror.
  • Brahma appears like a dream in land of ancestors where we go after death.
  • It appears like a reflection in water in land of gods.
  • But in the land of Brahma, it as clear as light and shadow (as actual object).

(a continued translation of Kathopanishad)