Aitareya Upanishad

Aitareya Upanishad

Invocation

Let my voice  be established in mind which in turn is established in power of speech itself.

Let my speech and mind act in harmony.

O Self Illumined Paramatman, kindly reveal yourself to me.

O Word and Mind, kindly give me access to Vedas.

Let not what I listen, abandon me.

May I burn the mid-night oil in this study.

May my voice carry the truth that is affirmed  in my mind.

Let the speaker and the listener be protected.

May He protect me and the orator.

Let the affliction caused by self, others and nature be ameliorated.

Creation

In the beginning, there was only Self (Atman) and nothing was active beside It.

Atmn desired to create the world.

Atman brought in existence four spheres of material world:

  • Ambh: the outermost sphere of clouds that is established in divine world.
  • Marichi: The space below the Ambha
  • Mar: The Earth
  • Ap: The land beneath the earth.

Having created the spheres, Atman thought of having their appropriate guardians. So he created a body mass from Water.

Atman intent brought into existence the body mass of primordial being.

Accordingly an egg shaped head and face appeared from the body mass.

From the face appeared mouth and power of speech & voice developed there-from. The fire originated from  power of speech.

Appearance of nostrils followed. From nostrils emanated prana (upward energy controlling inputs and life force) and air forged from prana.

Eyes materialized the same way. From the eyes arose faculty of sight and from them emerged the sun.

Ears ensued from the Face and from Ears developed ability to listen and all the directions (space) evolved there-from.

After the Ears, skin appeared and from skin germinated hair and from hair grew the earth with trees, shrubs and medicinal plants.

Heart appeared after skin and from it grew forth the mind which birthed the moon.

After heart naval came into being  and Apana (the downward energy controlling expulsions)  was expressed there-from carrying with it the death.

Lastly, the phallus appeared. From phallus came the seminal fluid that brought the water into being.

                                                                              (translation of Aitareya Upanishad to continue)

Principal Upanishads

Principal Upanishads

 

There are more that 200 Upanishads that deal with issues related to the Ultimate Reality or “What Is” and ” How It came into Being“. The chief texts are appended to well known four Veda. Their association is classified as follows:

 

upnishads